Even though most of the time when we go to the dentist, the focus is on our teeth, it’s important to remember that our gums play a vital role in our oral health and how our smile looks. Dentist treatments are divided by specializations or what they specifically treat. We go to a general dentist for routine care, exams, cleanings, basic extractions, and teeth whitening. When it comes to our gums, the specialty is known as periodontics. Dentistry offering periodontics will have treatments that protect and preserve the gums and prevent gum disease, gingivitis, and other issues.
Periodontics isn’t just one type of treatment, though; there are different things your dentist can do to improve your gums and your smile based on your needs.
Periodontics is a subspecialty of dentistry that deals with gums. The treatments provided work to improve gum health, look, and function.
If you’ve ever been treated for gum disease, you’ve likely had periodontal treatments before. Deep cleaning is one of the most common procedures that treat gum disease and removes plaque and bacteria below the gumline.
Patients that have excess gum tissue may need a procedure known as gum contouring. Gum contouring uses special tools or a soft tissue laser to reshape the gum line to expose more of the tooth’s surface. Gum contouring and reshaping can give patients a more natural-looking smile and remove damaged gum tissue.
Gum grafting is a procedure performed in the case of advanced gum disease, where gum erosion has started. As gum disease worsens, it starts to eat away at the gums, which can expose the base of teeth. Using tissue from other parts of the mouth, such as the roof or cheek, the dentist can graft tissue into the gumline to repair the damage, restore the gumline’s natural position, and prevent teeth loss.